The phrase ‘creativity’ comes from the Latin time period crea “to create or make”. It’s the act of utilizing one’s personal creativeness to come back out with new concepts, occasions or objects. It refers back to the bringing of latest issues into existence. Creativity may also be outlined as the method of manufacturing one thing that’s each authentic and worthwhile. It additionally includes enchancment of already current concepts or rearranging outdated issues and concepts in new varieties. These definitions assist us to know that creativity is opposite or reverse to copying.
Inventive individuals attempt to develop and invent new issues to resolve issues wherever they discover themselves. Creativity is skilled in each discipline of human endeavour reminiscent of artwork, engineering, sciences, medication, police, legislation, commerce, civil service, army, politics, instructing and many others.
A inventive particular person is somebody who is ready to use his personal creativeness or concepts to carry out new issues that are very helpful in our on a regular basis life actions. There are two courses of inventive individuals, specifically Excessive/Genius inventive particular person and the Much less/strange inventive particular person. This classification of inventive individuals relies on three essential elements. These are:
• Fluency – The entire variety of interpretable, significant and related concepts generated in response to the stimulus.
• Originality – The statistical rarity of the responses among the many take a look at topics.
• Elaboration – The quantity of element within the responses
Excessive/Genius inventive particular person
This inventive particular person possesses extra basic mental habits, reminiscent of openness, ranges of ideation, autonomy, experience, exploratory expertise and so forth. He/she is ready to create objects with ease; it comes naturally as if with out efforts. Inventive individuals are typically extra open to new experiences, extra self-confident, extra bold,self-accepting, impulsive, pushed, dominant, and hostile when in comparison with individuals with much less creativity. The lives of genius inventive individuals in historical past have been marked by excessive dedication and a cycle of hard-work and breakthroughs because of their willpower.
Much less/strange inventive particular person
This group of inventive individuals can create however often wants route or steering. They’re restricted of their capabilities and concepts. They often exert themselves earlier than they’ll create objects. Most of them, often want a push to spark their inventive talents.
There are numerous traits of a inventive particular person. A few of these have been defined under.
(i) He’s very curious and wanting to study or to search out out issues about his environment- A inventive particular person at all times needs to search out out why issues occur as they do. He asks plenty of questions on issues in his atmosphere and he’s ever able to study from individuals how some issues have been made.
(ii) He is able to discover or check out new issues and ideas- A inventive particular person is at all times pondering of latest issues, handle a selected challenge in a distinct and extra environment friendly method. He tries to discover with numerous supplies, instruments, and strategies with the only real intention of addressing pertinent issues in his/her group.
(iii) He’s exhausting working and doesn’t surrender simply in instances of difficulty- A inventive particular person just isn’t lazy however takes what he does severely. In the midst of attending to his work, when he faces a problem a inventive particular person doesn’t surrender on the work. Quite the opposite, he rapidly generates plenty of concepts on cope with the problem. He retains on making an attempt until he overcomes the problem he encountered whereas attending to his work.
(iv) He’s extremely imaginative, sensible oriented and experimental- He’s at all times pondering of remedy issues by producing or creating useful objects. He’s a scientist who tries forms of strategies and concepts in order to come back out with a viable software that’s an absolute reply to an issue confronting communities and the nation.
(v) He accepts challenges and duties and completes them- A inventive particular person could be very assured and has a excessive willpower to reach any activity assigned to him. He’s not a coward, however a positive-minded one that is poised to be victorious. He would not go away a stone unturned in his work.
(vi) He’s at all times hopeful, and self-disciplined- He has excessive hopes that his work will yield good fruits. He doesn’t give room to disappointments and ‘it can’t be completed’ assertion. He works to satisfy all deadlines and is devoted to his shoppers.
(vii) He’s original- He doesn’t steal concepts or copy current concepts, merchandise or objects. However, he brings out new and first-hand concepts. A inventive particular person may also enhance the effectivity or workability of an current merchandise or product. Nonetheless, he doesn’t copy it however tries to handle the deficiencies of the present product all within the quest of manufacturing a product that finest solves the issue at stake.
(viii) He has an important curiosity and love for what he does- A inventive particular person could be very pleased with what he does and has a eager enjoyment of it. That is very evident within the passionate method he attends to what he does. Derogatory remarks about his work is sort of a drop of water to quench an uncontrolled hearth, it doesn’t have an effect on his disposition and perspective in the direction of his work or career.
(ix) He is ready to match into a brand new situation- He finds his method simply, even in a brand new atmosphere or state of affairs. His presence is quickly seen and alarmed. He learns rapidly and is ready to modify to his new atmosphere be it a brand new obligation, office, college and many others.
(x) He is ready to produce many concepts quickly- He is ready to come out with an important number of concepts that are recent and effectively which means. He is an efficient contributor of information and expertise. He’s a thinker and a storehouse of concepts.
There are 4 vibrant phases or intervals within the inventive course of. Every of them takes quite a lot of time. The phases are Interval of preparation, Interval of incubation, Interval of perception or inspiration and Interval of verification, elaboration, notion, and analysis.
1. Interval of preparation
That is the primary stage of the inventive course of the place the inventive particular person prepares himself or herself to deal with the issue at stake. He gathers plenty of info on what he’s about to do and explores the issue’s dimensions. He additionally explores numerous studying strategies to assist him amass an in-depth information concerning the work he’s about to do.
2. Interval of incubation
That is the stage of the inventive course of whereby he faces problem whereas attending to the work after which take a short lived go away from the work. He engages himself with one other work with the hope of discovering a treatment to the issue he has encountered.
Incubation helps in inventive problem-solving in that it permits “forgetting” of deceptive clues. The absence of incubation could lead the issue solver to turn into fixated on inappropriate methods of fixing the issue. Inventive options to issues come up mysteriously from the unconscious thoughts whereas the aware thoughts is occupied with different duties. Due to this fact, he retains engaged on different issues until he lastly finds an answer to the issue.
3. Interval of perception or inspiration
That is the interval throughout which the inventive particular person finds an answer to the issue, he encountered whereas doing the work. He leaves all the pieces and rapidly attends to the work. This may occasionally take days, weeks, months and even years. It is usually known as Intimation and illumination interval.
4. Interval of verification, elaboration, notion and analysis
At this stage, the inventive particular person works very exhausting with nice pleasure with the purpose of finishing the work. He exhibits the work to pals, kinfolk and specialists for his or her appreciation and criticisms.